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czerwony Komentarze (0)
18. czerwca 2008 18:43:00
linkologia.pl spis.pl
Biznes, ekonomia
!!Agencja reklamowa, !!Agencje reklamowe, !!Limuzyna, !!Limuzyny, ... Budownictwo
!!!internet, !Budowa domów, !Budowa domu, !Dom, !piła nożna, !Remont, ... Dom i wnętrze
!piła nożna, Alarmy, antywirus, aparat, apple, Architektura wnętrz, ... Edukacja, nauka
!ekspozycja, !kultura, !piła nożna, !scena, !sztuka, !telewizja, aktorzy, ... Firmy wg. branż
!Firma sprzątająca, !piła nożna, !Sprzęt do sprzątania, ... GSM, RTV, AGD
!filmy, !piła nożna, a gd-rtv, agd, agd, rtv, akcesoria do telefonów, ... Hobby i rozrywka
!!! R A N D K I, !ekspozycja, !kultura, !piła nożna, !scena, !sztuka, ... Inne
!!!hobby, !!!internet, !ekspozycja, !filmy, !katalog, !katalog stron, ... Internet
! Alegro, !!!Blog presell, !!!internet, !!!Katalog presell, ... Komputery
!filmy, Agencja interaktywna, Agencja internetowa, ... Kraje, regiony, miasta
!ekspozycja, !kultura, !scena, !sztuka, !telewizja, aktualności, ... Kultura i sztuka
!ekspozycja, !kultura, !scena, !sztuka, !telewizja, aktorzy, ... Marketing, reklama
agencja reklamy, Agencje reklamowe, aktualności, antywirus, ... Medycyna
!!!internet, !wędkarstwo, Akademia depresji, Antykoncepcja, Apteka, ... Moda
!!!hobby, !!!internet, !!!muzyka, !telewizja, a g d-uroda, aktualności, ... Motoryzacja
!!!hobby, !!!internet, !!!muzyka, akcesoria, Akcesoria Motoryzacyjne, ... Nieruchomości
!!!hobby, !!!internet, !!!muzyka, auto części, banki, ... Produkcja i przemysł
auta, autmoto, auto, branża, Cewki dławiki transformatory, ... Sport i turystyka
!!!Last minute, !!!Wakacje, !!!Wczasy, !!!Wczasy nad morzem, ... Technika
!!!hobby, !!!internet, !!!muzyka, auta, autmoto, auto, biznes, branża, ... Usługi
!!!hobby, !!!internet, !!!muzyka, !!Drzwi, !!Drzwi wewnętrzne, ... Zakupy on-line
!telewizja, !wedkarstwo, a g d-kuchnie, a g d-pralki, agd, agd i rtv, ... Zdrowie i uroda
Apel o pomoc, apteka, Apteki, bezpieczeństwo, Biżuteria, BMW, być modną, ... Zwierzęta
!!!hobby, !!!internet, !!!muzyka, akwarystyka, ...
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ukrainians Komentarze (0)
18. czerwca 2008 18:39:00
linkologia.pl spis.pl
Modern day Ukraine encompasses the seats of six of the original twelve principalities of the ancient Kievan Rus empire which flourished from 882 to 1245 AD. Those principalities were Halych, Volodymyr-Volhynia, Kyiv, Pereyaslavl, Chernihiv, and Novhorod-Serverskyi and comprised the major centers of power of Kyivan Rus in its heyday. The 13th century Mongol invasion devastated Kievan Rus'. Kiev was totally destroyed in 1240.[29] Subsequent to the fall of a united Halych-Volodymr-Volhynia in 1342, Ukraine/Ruthenia became the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and later of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and still later of the Russian, Ottoman and Austo-Hungarian empires, Poland and the Soviet Union, finally gaining its independence on August 24, 1991.

Modern Ukrainian national identity continued to develop, especially in opposition to foreign rule in the nineteenth century. In Imperial Russia the use of the Ukrainian language was discouraged and banned at different times in history;[30] however, as many were illiterate, persecutions had little effect. During the Soviet era, the Ukrainian language was at times suppressed at others tolerated or even encouraged.

From 1932-1933 millions of Ukrainians starved to death in a famine, known as the Holodomor. Modern scholarly estimates of the direct loss of human life due to the famine range between 2.6 million [31][32] and 3-3.5 million[33] although much higher numbers are sometimes published in the media and cited in political debates.[34] As of March 2008, the parliament of Ukraine and the governments of several countries have recognized the Holodomor as an act of genocide.[35]

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vadym meller Komentarze (0)
18. czerwca 2008 18:38:00
linkologia.pl spis.pl
From 1903 to 1908 he was the student of Kiev University.

In 1905 Vadim Meller visited Geneva, Switzerland where he was taking art lessons in private school of Franz Roubaud.

In 1908 with recommendation of Roubaud he continued his education in private art school of Drawing and Painting of Heinrich Knirr in Munich, Germany. There Vadim Meller met his student Paul Klee who introduced him to Der Blaue Reiter group.

After graduating from the Kiev University with a degree in law, he acquired artistic education in the Munich Academy of Fine Arts (from 1908 to 1912).

Meller was in close contact with Der Blaue Reiter group. In this time he met Wassily Kandinsky with whom he became friends.

Vadim Meller started to exhibit his works after he had moved to Paris, where he joined the Société des Artistes Indépendants. Vadim Meller was also a student of Antoine Bourdelle.

In 1912-1914 together with Kazimir Malevich, Sonia Delaunay, Alexander Archipenko, Aleksandra Ekster he participated in exhibitions: Salon des Indépendants, Spring Salon, and Salon D' Automne alongside Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque and André Derain.

After returning to Kiev in 1917, he worked at easel and monumental painting, graphic design, and costume design. His transition to scenography as the main field of artistic activity took place in the first post-revolutionary years.

From 1918 -1921 , he worked with scenographer and dancer Bronislava Nijinska (Vaslav Nijinsky's sister) in her ballet studio.

In 1922 Les Kurbas invited Vadim Meller to the recently founded Berezil theater.

In 1925 Vadim Meller together with Sonia Terk, Alexandra Exter, Nathan Altman participated in Exposition Internationale des Modernes ( Art Deco ) in Paris. There Vadim Meller was awarded a gold medal for his scenic design of the Berezil theater.

In 1925 Vadim Meller participated in the International Theater Exposition in New York.

Vadim Meller became the leader of Constructivism in Ukrainian theater design. He worked in the National theater as a chief artist till 1945.

From 1925 he also taught at the Kiev Art Academy (KKHI) together with Vladimir Tatlin and Alexander Bogomazov. In the same year Vadim Meller became the member of the union of artists Association of the Revolutionary Masters of Ukraine together with David Burliuk ( co-founder), Alexander Bogomazov (co-founder),Vasiliy Yermilov, Victor Palmov and Khvostenko-Khvostov.

Meller worked as an acting director of the Monumental Painting and Sculpture Institute of the Academy of Architecture of the Ukrainian SSR (1946–1948), a chief artist of the Kiev Music Comedy Theater (1948 - 1953) and a chief artist of the Iv. Franko Kiev Academic Theater (1953–1959).

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art deco Komentarze (0)
18. czerwca 2008 18:35:00
linkologia.pl spis.pl
The structure of art deco is based on mathematical geometric shapes. It was widely considered to be an eclectic form of elegant and stylish modernism, being influenced by a variety of sources. Among them were the, so called, "primitive" arts of Africa, Ancient Egypt, and Aztec Mexico, as well as Machine Age or streamline technology such as modern aviation, electric lighting, the radio, the ocean liner and the skyscraper. These design influences were expressed in fractionated, crystalline, faceted forms of decorative Cubism and Futurism, in Fauvism's palette. Other popular themes in art deco were trapezoidal, zigzagged, geometric, and jumbled shapes, which can be seen in many early pieces. Two great examples of these themes and styles are in Detroit, Michigan: the Fisher Building and the Guardian Building.[4]

Corresponding to these influences, Art Deco is characterized by use of materials such as aluminium, stainless steel, lacquer, inlaid wood, sharkskin (shagreen), and zebraskin. The bold use of stepped forms and sweeping curves (unlike the sinuous, natural curves of the Art Nouveau), chevron patterns, and the sunburst motif are typical of Art Deco. Some of these motifs were ubiquitous — for example, sunburst motifs were used in such varied contexts as ladies' shoes, radiator grilles, the auditorium of the Radio City Music Hall, and the spire of the Chrysler Building.

Art Deco was an opulent style, and its lavishness is attributed to reaction to the forced austerity imposed by World War I. Its rich, festive character fitted it for "modern" contexts, including the Golden Gate Bridge, interiors of cinema theaters (a prime example being the Paramount Theater in Oakland, California) and ocean liners such as the Île de France, the Queen Mary, and Normandie. Art Deco was employed extensively throughout America's train stations in the 1930s[5], designed to reflect the modernity and efficiency of the train. The first Art Deco train station in the United States was the Union Station in Omaha, Nebraska.[6] [7] The unveiling of Streamline trains paralleled the construction of the Art Deco stations.

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Nahuatl Komentarze (0)
13. maja 2008 12:34:00
linkologia.pl spis.pl
Nahuatl ([ˈnaː.wat͡ɬ] )[2] is a group of related languages and dialects of the Aztecan, or Nahuan, branch of the Uto-Aztecan language family, all of which are indigenous to Mesoamerica and are spoken by an estimated 1.5 million Nahua people, mostly in Central Mexico.

Nahuatl has been spoken in Central Mexico since at least the 7th century AD.[3] At the time of the Spanish conquest of Mexico in the early 16th century it was the language of the Aztecs, who dominated central Mexico during the Late Postclassic period of Mesoamerican chronology. The expansion and influence of the Aztec Empire led to the dialect spoken by the Aztecs of Tenochtitlan becoming a prestige language in Mesoamerica in this period. With the introduction of the Latin alphabet, Nahuatl also became a literary language and many chronicles, grammars, works of poetry, administrative documents and codices were written in the 16th and 17th centuries.[4] This early literary language based on the Tenochtitlan dialect has been labeled Classical Nahuatl and is among the most-studied and best-documented languages of the Americas.[5]

Today Nahuan dialects[6] are spoken in scattered communities mostly in rural areas. There are considerable differences between dialects, and some are mutually unintelligible. They have all been subject to varying degrees of influence from Spanish. No modern dialects are identical to Classical Nahuatl, but those spoken in and around the Valley of Mexico are generally more closely related to it than those on the periphery.[7] Under Mexico's Ley General de Derechos Lingüísticos de los Pueblos Indígenas ("General Law on the Linguistic Rights of Indigenous Peoples") promulgated in 2003,[8] Nahuatl along with the other indigenous languages of Mexico are recognized as lenguas nacionales ("national languages") in the regions where they are spoken, with the same status as Spanish.[9]

Nahuatl is a language with a complex morphology characterized by polysynthesis and agglutination, allowing the construction of long words with complex meanings out of several stems and affixes. Nahuatl has been influenced by other Mesoamerican languages through centuries of coexistence, becoming part of the Mesoamerican Linguistic Area. Many words from Nahuatl have been borrowed into Spanish and further on into hundreds of other languages. These are mostly words for concepts indigenous to central Mexico which the Spanish heard mentioned for the first time by their Nahuatl names. English words of Nahuatl origin include "tomato", "coyote" and "chocolate".

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